Clin Anat. 2002 Aug;15(5):345-50. 

Brachiocephalic veins: an overlooked approach for central venous catheterization.

Badran DH, Abder-Rahman H, Abu Ghaida J.
Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jordan,
Amman, Jordan.

Central venous access is important in both assessment and treatment of the patient. In modern clinical practice, a percutaneous approach is preferred. The well-established subclavian and internal jugular vein catheterization techniques, however, still carry the risk of major acute complications. In this article we describe a trial study of a percutaneous brachiocephalic vein catheterization technique conducted on a total of 74 cadavers undergoing autopsy. Relying on constant and easily recognizable anatomical landmarks, we performed a total of 128 catheterizations of the right and left brachiocephalic veins. The success of catheterization was ascertained by regional dissection. Our results show very high reproducibility with a success rate of about 97% on the first attempt of catheterization on both right and left sides. Equally important, collateral injury of neighboring structures was consistently absent. We propose the introduction of this rather overlooked approach into clinical practice.


 Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
PMID: 12203378 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]