Profiling Respiratory Problems of Adults living in AL-Hashemya Governance


Kawkab Shishani



Breast cancer carries a strong emotional load for women. Taking into consideration sexual aspects as well as social symbolic significance of womenís breasts in regard to definition of femininity, womenís breasts are integral aspects in defining femininity. In Jordan, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among Jordanian women, and the second leading cause of other deaths (Al-Ma'aitah & Haddad, 1999)

In most cases, the female health care provider has been found to be the preferred source for information about breast cancer screening because women feel more comfortable in asking questions. Thus nurses as female health care providers have a vital role in increasing womenís awareness of early detection and providing adequate information about breast cancer screening.

Two theoretical frameworks are used for this study: the Health Belief Model (HBM), and the social cognitive theory (SCT).

The self-administered questionnaire consists of Championís Health Beliefs Scale, demographic variables of the participants, frequency of practice of the mammography, and intention to practice mammography. The demographic variables included age, education, marital status, personal and family history of breast tumors, and health care insurance. A scale that measures Knowledge of risks of breast cancer will be added by using the ACS guidelines of risk factors associated with breast cancer. Answers to the knowledge scale are dichotomous, and number of correct answers will be summed to give an overall knowledge scale.

Participation in the study should not cause subjects additional distress.







        * Faculty : Nursing .

         * Specific Specialization: Community Health Nursing.